Hitman Exterminators offers an array of options in regards to Pigeon control for both the residential and retail sectors. Each property offers its own unique circumstance and our approach to treatment is to the development of strategic planning. Hitman Exterminators assesses each property determining the plan of action providing the property owners the safest and most economically viable solutions.
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Pigeons are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short, slender bills with a fleshy cere (the waxy, fleshy covering at the base of the upper beak). The species most commonly referred to just as the “pigeon” is the feral rock pigeon, common in many cities and small rural areas.
The rock pigeon is 32 to 37 cm (12.5 to 14.5 inches) long with a 64 to 72 cm (25 to 28 inch) wingspan. Its lower back is white with two distinctive black bars on its pale grey wings. Its tail has white markings. It is a strong and quick flier, with its lighter grey rump easily seen from above.
The head and neck of the mature pigeon are a darker blue-grey than the back and wings. The green and lilac or purple patch on the side of the neck is larger than that of the stock dove, and the tail is more distinctly banded.
Pigeons come in many different colours depending on age: dark grey, light blue/grey, brown, peach, grey and white, pure white, and more. The feathers of young birds show little lustre and are duller. The eye colour of a pigeon is generally orange, but a few pigeons may have white-grey eyes. The eyelids are orange and are enclosed in a grey-white eye ring. The feet are red to pink.
Pigeons tend to breed and roost in groups. The biggest problem they cause is the amount of feces (droppings) they produce. The build-up of pigeon feces on buildings and other structures is visually unappealing and is made worse by the fact that pigeon droppings are acidic and erode metal and stonework.
More importantly, pigeon droppings may pose a health hazard to the general public. Pigeons have been associated with a variety of diseases, including histoplasmosis and cryptococcosis.
Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus that grows in pigeon droppings. The fungus can also be found in bat droppings or in the soil, and is carried by the wind. When removing droppings, people may breathe in some of the fungus. When exposure is high, the fungus can cause infection.
Symptoms of histoplasmosis begin to appear about 10 days after initial infection and can include fatigue, fever, and chest pains. Most infections have no symptoms or appear as a mild respiratory illness. People with weakened immune systems (like cancer patients or people living with HIV/AIDS) are generally more at risk of developing histoplasmosis. The disease cannot be transmitted from person to person.
Cryptococcosis is another fungal disease related to pigeon droppings and grows in soils throughout the world. It is very unlikely that healthy people will become infected even at high levels of exposure. A major risk factor for infection is a compromised immune system.
Controlling pigeons permanently is hard because these birds have adapted to stress, and there are many sources of food available in urban areas. The best way to control them is to change their environment:
- Remove roosting niches and seal any crevices, large openings, and entrances in high areas to discourage pigeons.
- Screen off water sources (like rooftop air conditioners) that pigeons might drink from.
- Never leave food out where pigeons can get it.
- Keep garbage containers closed. Dispose of garbage on a regular basis.
- On flat roofs or ledges, use bristling wires, also known as porcupine wires, or sticky pastes that will discourage pigeons from landing and gathering.